Início > Noticias > A Reforma da Previdência e as Desigualdades

A Reforma da Previdência e as Desigualdades

Entre os vários desafios pelos quais passa o Brasil, a necessidade de promover uma reforma da previdência está sobre a mesa. Mas reformar para quê? Para beneficiar quem? Quais são os objetivos e valores que devem nortear esta reforma?

O Brasil é um dos países com maior índice de desigualdade no mundo. Quase dois terços dos brasileiros têm renda mensal média inferior a dois salários mínimos e cerca de 45 milhões de pessoas recebem apenas um salário, ao mesmo tempo em que 5% da população se apropriam de metade de toda a renda nacional. No país, apenas seis pessoas possuem riqueza equivalente à dos 50% mais pobres da população.

No nível local, o Mapa da Desigualdade da cidade de São Paulo, elaborado pela Rede Nossa São Paulo, torna visível a situação. A capital paulista é dividida em 96 distritos com uma população média de 120 mil habitantes em cada um deles. A idade média ao morrer no distrito de Pinheiros é de 79,67 anos enquanto é de 53,85 anos no distrito Cidade Tiradentes. Uma diferença de 25 anos na mesma cidade! Mais de 4 milhões de pessoas que vivem em 36 distritos da cidade têm uma idade média ao morrer menor de 65 anos.

É claro que vários elementos contribuem para uma idade média baixa, desde a violência urbana, passando pela mortalidade infantil e pelo falho sistema de saúde. Mas com números assim, como podemos estabelecer uma idade mínima para se aposentar de 65 anos se a maioria das pessoas em situação de pobreza não terá a mínima chance de chegar até lá?

Pessoas pobres, por razões óbvias, começam a trabalhar mais cedo. Neste novo sistema, elas teriam que trabalhar por mais tempo que as pessoas mais ricas  e muitas não conseguirão se aposentar. Ainda que o país esteja passando por uma crise econômica de grandes proporções, as soluções não podem estar centradas em medidas que recaiam sobre os que mais sofrem com as desigualdades do nosso país. 

Vivemos uma das maiores crises políticas da nossa história recente pós ditadura militar. Nesse contexto, a proposta de uma reforma da Previdência, ainda que seja um tema importante a ser enfrentado pelo conjunto da nossa sociedade, é inoportuna tanto pela ausência de participação adequada da sociedade quanto pela falta de legitimidade da política brasileira atual.

A PEC da Previdência Social, apesar de recuos recentes do relator, permanece excessivamente pesada para os trabalhadores de baixa renda e considera pouco a desigualdade na própria contribuição previdenciária. Segundo Marcelo Medeiros, do IPEA, o 1% mais rico dos aposentados fica com a mesma fatia dos gastos com aposentadorias que os 50% mais pobres – situação que se agravará com as mudanças propostas pelo governo.

Hoje, reformas como a da Previdência perderam o contexto político. Também se descolaram da vontade popular. Segundo o Datafolha, 71% dos brasileiros são contra a reforma. Tamanha resistência, junto à gravíssima crise política atual, deveria servir de freio ao governo e ao Congresso.

Desde a Constituição de 1988, foram conquistados direitos e políticas que possibilitam o combate à pobreza e às desigualdades no nosso país. Neste momento, é fundamental que a quase esquecida agenda de redução de desigualdades seja priorizada, norteando as políticas de retomada da economia e respaldadas por um processo eleitoral onde o tema seja amplamente debatido.

Katia Maia, 54, socióloga, é diretora executiva da Oxfam Brasil.

Oded Grajew, 73, é presidente do Conselho Deliberativo da Oxfam Brasil e presidente emérito do Instituto Ethos. É idealizador do Fórum Social Mundial.

Comentários

the http://www.philipp-plein.com.co/ new http://www.ray-bans.net.co/ owner http://www.oakleys-outlets.net/ has http://www.the-northfaces.us.com/ a http://www.iphonecases.net.co/ full http://www.michael-kors.cc/ access http://www.barbours-factory.com/ to the ownership http://www.cheapomegawatches.com/ rights http://www.soccershoes.us.com/ but his http://www.soccershoes-outlet.com/ ownership is http://www.outlet-mkors.com/ technical because http://www.outlet-tommy-hilfiger.com/ during http://eagles.nflvstore.com/ this time period the http://www.new-balanceshoes.com/ actual http://bulls.nba-jersey.com/ borrower still has a http://www.coachfactory.shop/ last opportunity http://hornets.nba-jersey.com/ to redeem http://www.tommyhilfigerca.ca/ themselves http://www.philipp-pleins.com/ on http://www.ralph-lauren-uk.co.uk/ the http://www.jimmychoo-shoes.com/ legal http://www.nikefreerun-shoes.co.uk/ actions http://www.nike-skos.com/ and http://www.michaels-korsoutlet.com/ to http://www.ralph-laurenpolos.co.uk/ pay http://www.nike-free5.com/ money http://www.retrojordan-shoes.com/ in order http://patriots.nflvstore.com/ to buy http://www.jerseysfatory.com/ the http://www.michael-kors-outlet.us.org/ house http://www.air-maxschoenen.co.nl/ back http://www.armani-outlet.com/ from new http://www.converses-outlet.com/ house http://www.cheap-jordans.com.co/ holders. http://www.cheap-juicycouture.com/

Fourth http://www.oakleysunglasses-canada.ca/ stage: This is http://celtics.nba-jersey.com/ the http://www.coachblackfriday.com/ last http://www.danskoshoes.in.net/ stage. http://www.timberlandspaschere.fr/ At http://www.rolexwatchesforsale.us.com/ this http://www.airjordans-shoes.com/ stage, http://dolphins.nflvstore.com/ the http://www.raybans-outlet.nl/ new http://www.mcm-backpacks.com.co/ owner has a total ownership http://www.adidas-shoes.nl/ on the property.the new http://bucks.nba-jersey.com/ owner http://www.barboursjackets.com/ has http://www.air-huaracheshoes.co.uk/ a http://kings.nba-jersey.com/ full http://magic.nba-jersey.com/ access http://www.salomonshoes.com.de/ to http://www.coachsoutletonline.in.net/ the ownership rights but http://www.hermesoutlet.shop/ his ownership is [b][/b] technical http://www.soccers-shoes.us.com/ because during http://www.timberlandboots-outlet.com/ this http://www.longchamps-bags.us.com/ time http://www.raybans-sunglasses.net.co/ period http://www.chiflatiron-hair.com/ the http://www.michaelkors.co.nl/ actual borrower http://www.sunglasses-oakley.com/ still http://www.outlet-pumashoes.com/ has http://www.true-religionsoutlet.com/ a http://www.ralph-laurenpolosoutlet.com/ last http://chargers.nflvstore.com/ opportunity http://www.airmax2015.net/ to http://www.nike-shoesoutlet.co.uk/ redeem themselves http://www.tommy-hilfigers.de/ on the http://www.nike-airmaxs.fr/ legal http://www.woolrich-jackets.com/ actions http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.mex.com/ and http://www.ralphs-laurenpolos.co.uk/ to http://rockets.nba-jersey.com/ pay money http://www.burberry-outlets.org.uk/ in order http://www.outlet-ralphlaurenpolo.com/ to buy http://hawks.nba-jersey.com/ the http://www.hollister-outlet.com/ house http://www.kate-spadebags.com/ back from http://www.mcmbackpacks.com.co/ new http://www.rolexwatch-outlet.com/ house http://www.outlet-rayban.co.uk/ holders. http://www.air-yeezys.com/

Fourth stage: This http://www.rayban-sunglasses.co/ is http://www.hollister-store.com.co.co/ the http://www.ray-bansoutlet.com.co/ last http://longchamp.blackofriday.com/ stage. At http://www.coachfactory.cc/ this http://www.pulseraspandora.com.es/ stage, http://www.swarovskijewellery-au.com/ the http://lakers.nba-jersey.com/ new http://www.barbours.us.com/ owner has http://www.mlb-jerseys.us.com/ a http://www.converse-shoes.net/ total ownership on http://www.prada-shoes.us.org/ the http://www.oakleysoutlet.com.co/ property.the new owner http://www.nike-air-force.de/ has http://www.oakley-sbocco.it/ a http://www.mcm-handbags.com.co/ full http://www.beatsbydrdrephone.com/ access http://www.montrespaschers.fr/ to http://www.jewelrys-swarovski.com/ the http://www.beats-by-dre.com.co/ ownership http://www.nike-factory.com.co/ rights http://www.new-balance-schuhe.de/ but http://www.softballbats-sale.com/ his http://michaelkors.euro-us.net/ ownership http://www.outlet-pradabags.com/ is http://www.celinefactory.com/ technical because http://www.co-aol.com/ during this time http://trailblazers.nba-jersey.com/ period http://www.nba-shoes.com/ the http://www.ferragamos.co.uk/ actual http://www.outlet-true-religion.us.org/ borrower still has a last http://www.christian-louboutins.com/ opportunity to http://www.asicsoutlet.net/ redeem themselves http://www.dsquared2s.com/ on the http://www.hollister-clothings-store.com/ legal actions http://www.jordan.com.de/ and http://www.ralphlauren-au.com/ to http://www.nikeair-max.ca/ pay money in http://www.cheap-jerseys.mex.com/ order http://www.coach-outlets.net.co/ to buy http://www.oakleys-sunglasses.mex.com/ the http://www.outlet-eyeglasses.com/ house http://www.nike-airmax.com.co/ back http://www.nikeshoes-canada.ca/ from new http://www.ralph-lauren-polos.us.org/ house http://www.polos-ralphlauren.com.co/ holders. http://broncos.nflvstore.com/

Fourth http://www.jackets-thenorthface.com/ stage: This http://rams.nflvstore.com/ is http://www.nike-free-runs.com/ the http://chiefs.nflvstore.com/ last stage. http://49ers.nflvstore.com/ At [b][/b] this stage, http://pistons.nba-jersey.com/ the http://www.mcms-bags.com/ new http://www.babylisspros.com/ owner http://www.oakley-sunglassessale.com.co/ has http://jaguars.nflvstore.com/ a http://www.cheapshoes.net.co/ total ownership http://www.puma-shoes.de/ on the property.the http://www.versace-outlet.com/ new http://www.the-northface.com.de/ owner http://www.scarpe-hoganshoes.it/ has a http://www.jeans-truereligion.com/ full access http://www.rayban-sunglasses.fr/ to http://www.cheap-nike-shoes.com/ the http://www.airjordanshoes.com.co/ ownership http://www.fred-perry.org.uk/ rights http://www.michaelkors-bags.us.org/ but http://azcardinals.nflvstore.com/ his http://www.true-religions.com/ ownership http://www.coach-outletonline.ca/ is technical http://www.polosoutlet-store.com/ because during http://www.airmax-90.com/ this http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.se/ time period http://www.reeboks.com.de/ the actual borrower still http://pacers.nba-jersey.com/ has http://www.christian-louboutinshoesoutlet.com/ a http://www.outlet-oakley.com/ last http://coach.euro-us.net/ opportunity http://www.nike-store.com.de/ to http://www.ferragamos.us.com/ redeem http://www.skechers-canada.ca/ themselves http://www.nike-mercurial.com/ on the http://www.nike-rosherun.co.nl/ legal http://www.ferragamo.net.co/ actions http://www.polo-ralphlaurens.us.com/ and to pay http://www.watches-omega.com/ money http://timberwolves.nba-jersey.com/ in http://www.northfacejackets.fr/ order to http://www.adidasshoes.com.se/ buy http://www.jerseys-store.com/ the house http://buccaneers.nflvstore.com/ back from http://www.raybans-glasses.com.co/ new house holders.

Fourth http://www.burberrybags.com.co/ stage: This is the http://www.outlet-oakleys.com/ last http://www.nike-airmaxnc.co.uk/ stage. http://www.coachoutlet-online.com.co/ At this stage, http://www.uhren-stores.de/ the http://www.outlet-pradahandbags.com/ new owner http://www.ed-hardy.us.com/ has http://www.outlet-toryburch.com/ a total http://nets.nba-jersey.com/ ownership http://www.hermesbagsoutlet.com/ on the http://www.cheap-baseballbats.us/ property.the http://www.converseshoes-outlet.com/ new owner http://www.calvinkleinsoutlet.com/ has http://www.airmax.com.se/ a http://www.michael-korsukpurse.co.uk/ full http://www.chiflatironhair.us.com/ access to http://www.montblancpences.com/ the http://mavericks.nba-jersey.com/ ownership http://www.handbagsoutlet.in.net/ rights but http://redskins.nflvstore.com/ his http://www.coach-outlet.store/ ownership http://www.cheapnhljerseys.us.com/ is technical http://www.rolex-watchescanada.ca/ because http://www.coach-factory.com.co/ during http://www.outlet-pradas.com/ this http://www.nflvstore.com/ time http://ravens.nflvstore.com/ period the actual borrower still http://www.hollister-clothings.us.com/ has http://www.thomassabos-jewelry.co.uk/ a http://www.adidas-shoesoutlet.com/ last http://saints.nflvstore.com/ opportunity to http://www.mbt-outlet.com/ redeem http://www.raybans-outlet.net.co/ themselves http://www.barbour-jackets.us.com/ on the http://www.giuseppes-zanottishoes.com/ legal actions http://www.outelt-ralphlauren.co.uk/ and to http://www.bottega-bags.com/ pay money http://www.long-champ.com.de/ in http://www.hugo-boss.com.co/ order http://spurs.nba-jersey.com/ to http://www.raybanoutlet.ca/ buy http://pelicans.nba-jersey.com/ the http://www.nike-roshe-run.de/ house http://www.oakley-outlet.fr/ back http://www.nhl-jerseys.net/ from http://www.ok-em.com/ new http://www.burberrys-bags.com/ house http://thunder.nba-jersey.com/ holders. http://www.outletonline-ralphlauren.com/

Fourth http://www.horlogesrolexs.nl/ stage: This is the http://www.valentino-shoesoutlet.us.com/ last http://www.nikerosherun.com.co/ stage. http://oakley.blackofriday.com/ At http://www.christian-louboutin.jp.net/ this stage, http://www.outlets-polo.com/ the new http://www.nike-outlet.us.org/ owner http://www.the-northface.ca/ has http://www.raybans.org.es/ a total http://www.swarovski-online-shop.de/ ownership http://www.vansschuhe.com.de/ on http://www.oakley-frames.com/ the http://www.tommyhilfigers.de/ property.the http://www.cheap-michaelkors.com.co/ new owner http://www.cheap-mlbjerseys.us.com/ has http://www.oakleys-sunglasses.com.co/ a full http://www.fitflopoutlet.com/ access http://www.asicsoutlet.com.co/ to http://www.instylers.us/ the http://www.timberland-shoes.com.co/ ownership rights http://www.nikefreeshoes-inc.co.uk/ but http://seahawks.nflvstore.com/ his http://www.nikeair-max.es/ ownership http://www.outlet-ralphlaurens.com/ is http://www.thomas-sabos.com.de/ technical because http://grizzlies.nba-jersey.com/ during http://www.adidas-schuheonline.de/ this http://www.givenchy.com.co/ time period http://www.tommy-hilfigers.net.co/ the http://www.michael-kors.com.es/ actual http://wizards.nba-jersey.com/ borrower http://www.tommy-hilfigers.com.co/ still has http://www.nike-paschers.fr/ a http://www.christianlouboutin-shoes.ca/ last opportunity http://suns.nba-jersey.com/ to http://www.outlet-toryburchshoes.com/ redeem http://www.birkenstocks.com.de/ themselves on the http://www.birkenstockshoes.com.de/ legal actions http://www.ralphlaurens.com.de/ and http://www.watches-rolex.co.uk/ to http://www.burberrysoutletstore.com/ pay http://cowboys.nflvstore.com/ money http://www.michaelkors.com.de/ in http://www.nikeshoes.de/ order http://www.nba-jersey.com/ to http://www.michaelkors.so/ buy http://www.basketballshoes.com.co/ the http://www.bottega-venetasoutlet.com/ house back http://www.michaelkors-ins.com/ from http://www.kates-spade.com/ new http://www.michael-kors.net.co/ house holders. http://www.new-balanceoutlet.org/

Fourth http://www.christian-louboutinshoes.co.uk/ stage: This http://www.designer-handbagsoutlet.us.com/ is http://www.nike-rosherun.com.es/ the http://www.bcbg-canada.ca/ last http://www.skechers-outlet.com/ stage. At http://www.mk-com.com/ this stage, the new http://www.outlet-michaelkors.co.uk/ owner http://www.juicy-coutureoutlet.com/ has http://www.mcm-handbags.org/ a http://www.australia-oakleysunglasses.com/ total ownership http://www.nike-huarache.co.nl/ on http://www.clothes-outletstore.com/ the propertthe http://www.michael-korsbags.com.co/ new http://www.crystals-swarovski.com/ owner http://colts.nflvstore.com/ has a http://www.ray-bans.co.uk/ full http://raiders.nflvstore.com/ access to http://www.rolex-watches.us.com/ the http://www.mizuno-running.net/ ownership http://nuggets.nba-jersey.com/ rights http://bills.nflvstore.com/ but http://www.designer-handbags.vip/ his http://www.michael-korsoutletonline.com.co/ ownership is http://jets.nflvstore.com/ technical http://www.pandorajewellery-au.com/ because http://raptors.nba-jersey.com/ during http://www.bcbg-dresses.net/ this http://clippers.nba-jersey.com/ time http://www.pandora-jewelry.com.de/ period http://www.giuseppezanotti.com.co/ the actual http://www.under-armouroutlet.com/ borrower http://www.cheap-jerseys.com.co/ still http://www.the-northfacejackets.net.co/ has http://www.hogans.com.de/ a http://www.christian-louboutin-shoes.com/ last http://www.oakley-outletonline.com.co/ opportunity to http://www.marcjacobs-outlet.com/ redeem http://www.raybans.com.de/ themselves on http://www.nike-shoesoutlet.com/ the http://www.pandora-charmscanada.ca/ legal http://www.burberryonlineshop.de/ actions http://www.nikeairmax-australia.com/ and http://www.lonchamp.us.com/ to http://www.timberland-boots.com.co/ pay money in http://www.airmax-shoes.com/ order http://www.outlet-michaelkors.com/ to http://www.raybans-outlet.cc/ buy http://www.hoodies.us.com/ the http://coachoutlet.euro-us.net/ house http://www.hermes-birkinoutlet.com/ back http://www.salvatoreferragamo.us.com/ from http://www.replica-handbags.com.co/ new http://www.ralphlauren-canada.ca/ house holders. http://www.christianlouboutinoutlet.net.co/

Fourth http://www.outlet-burberrybags.com/ stage: http://falcons.nflvstore.com/ This http://steelers.nflvstore.com/ is http://www.swarovskis-sale.co.uk/ the http://www.fredperrypolos.co.uk/ last stage. http://vikings.nflvstore.com/ At http://www.north-faces.org.uk/ this http://knicks.nba-jersey.com/ stage, the new owner http://www.levis-jeansoutlet.com/ has http://www.long-champ.com.co/ a total http://www.michaels-korsoutlet.us.com/ ownership http://www.jordan-retros.com/ on http://www.adidas-shoes.es/ the http://www.nikeshoes.org.es/ property.the http://www.tracksuits.com.co/ new http://www.burberrys-handbags.com/ owner http://www.thenorth-face.com.co/ has http://www.supra-footwears.com/ a http://www.raybans-cher.fr/ full http://www.oakleys-online.in.net/ access http://www.beatsbydre.com.co/ to http://www.nike-shoes.co.nl/ the http://www.lacosteoutlet.com.co/ ownership rights http://www.nikeairmax.com.de/ but his http://www.adidas-store.net/ ownership http://lions.nflvstore.com/ is http://www.salvatore-ferragamos.com/ technical http://www.canada-michaelkors.ca/ because http://www.outletburberrybags.com/ during http://giants.nflvstore.com/ this http://bears.nflvstore.com/ time http://www.raybans-outlet.com.co/ period http://www.hollisterclothingcanada.ca/ the http://www.tommyhilfigers.nl/ actual http://www.newbalance-canada.ca/ borrower http://www.burberrys-outletonline.in.net/ still http://www.australia-michaelkors.com/ has [b][/b] a http://www.fidgetspinner.us.com/ last http://www.chromeheart-outlet.com/ opportunity to redeem themselves http://www.adidassuper-star.de/ on http://www.nike-free-runs.de/ the http://www.oakleys.com.de/ legal http://www.marc-jacobs.us.com/ actions http://www.laurenralphs-outlet.co.uk/ and http://www.outlet-true-religion.com/ to http://www.burberry-storevip.com/ pay http://www.roshe-runshoes.co.uk/ money in http://www.vibram--fivefingers.com/ order to http://www.burberry-outlets.ca/ buy http://www.skechers-shoesoutlet.com/ the http://www.burberry-bagsoutlet.co.uk/ house back http://www.new-balanceshoes.es/ from new house holders.

Fourth stage: http://www.long-champhandbags.com/ This http://www.nike-store.in.net/ is http://www.nike-maxshoes.fr/ the http://www.newoutletonlinemall.com/ last http://heat.nba-jersey.com/ stage. http://www.polo-ralph-lauren.de/ At http://panthers.nflvstore.com/ this stage, http://www.nfl-jersey.us.org/ the new http://bengals.nflvstore.com/ owner http://www.dsquared2-outlet.com/ has a http://www.north-face.com.co/ total ownership on http://www.fendi-outlet.in.net/ the http://www.iphone-cases.net/ property.the http://packers.nflvstore.com/ new owner http://www.katespades.com.co/ has http://www.cheap-raybansoutlet.com.co/ a http://www.nikeshoes-outlet.com/ full http://www.barbour.in.net/ access http://warriors.nba-jersey.com/ to the http://www.birkenstockshoes.com.co/ ownership http://www.supra-footwear.net/ rights http://www.swarovski-canada.ca/ but http://browns.nflvstore.com/ his http://www.omegas-relojes.es/ ownership http://www.air-huarache-shoes.co.uk/ is technical http://www.vans-shoes.co.uk/ because http://www.pradas.com.de/ during http://www.vansshoes-outlet.com/ this http://www.jimmychoos-shoes.com/ time http://www.ralphlauren-polos.com.co/ period http://www.oakley-sunglasses2017.net/ the http://www.eccoshoesoutlet.com/ actual http://www.cheappandora-charms.co.uk/ borrower http://www.cheap-watches.in.net/ still http://www.raybansbocco.it/ has http://www.longchamp-outlet.com.co/ a last opportunity http://cavaliers.nba-jersey.com/ to redeem http://texans.nflvstore.com/ themselves http://www.nike-shoes.com.se/ on http://www.louboutinshoes.jp.net/ the http://www.hollisteronlineshop.com.de/ legal actions http://www.rosherun-shoes.us/ and to pay http://www.north-faceoutletjacket.com/ money http://www.beatsheadphone.in.net/ in http://rayban.blackofriday.com/ order http://www.hollister.com.se/ to buy http://www.adidas-shoes.ca/ the house http://www.long-champoutlet.com/ back from http://www.michael-kors-outlet.org.uk/ new house http://www.oakleys-sunglass.com.co/ holders.

Fourth http://www.ralphs-laurenspolos.com/ stage: This http://www.truereligions.net/ is the http://www.nike-shoes.com.co/ last http://www.coach-factoryoutlet.net.co/ stage. At http://www.nike-shoesoutlet.us.org/ this http://www.hoganshoes.org.uk/ stage, http://www.converse-schuhe.com.de/ the http://www.nike-airmax.com.de/ new owner http://www.pandora-jewelry.top/ has http://www.zcoachoutlet.com/ a http://titans.nflvstore.com/ total http://www.oakleys.org.es/ ownership on the http://76ers.nba-jersey.com/ propert

http://jazz.nba-jersey.com/